Diposkan pada Rules of Making, Short Film

How to Make a Short Film

In this day and age, anyone can make a short film. But, if you want to make a good film it will take time, preparation, and some expense. But, if making a short film is something you really want to do, putting time in now will make all the difference later.

  1. Determine the genre. Are you making a narrative or documentary? Comedy or action? That is something you need to think about when starting your short film’s script. A good screenwriting website is Celtx.com

    • If you are planning to make a fiction film, then it’s narrative. Think of a basic story idea. You can get ideas for films from things you read in daily life, short stories, newspapers, etc.
  2. Outline your idea. Write out your script, using Celtx; if you have never written a script before, pick up a book that explains script writing and character development, and that—along with the Celtx program—will be all you will need.
  3. Write out your script. Begin this by thinking of the names of the characters, the time of the story (Is it 10 years from now? Is it a hundred years before our time?), think of it how the story starts.
  4. 4

    Consider the following points when writing your script:

    • Character development
    • Plot development
    • Inciting incident
    • Character arc.
  5. 5
    Story-board each shot in the film. Decide what each shot in the movie is going to be. For example, wide shot, over the shoulder, tracking shot, close up, extreme close up, medium wide shot. crane shot, dolly shot, etc.
  6. 6
    Decide what you need for each scene. This is called a breakdown sheet.
  7. 7
    Determine the setting of the scene. Is it external (EXT) or internal (INT)?
  8. 8
    Determine the equipment you are going to need.
  9. 9
    Determine the actors and crew.
  10. 10
    Determine what props, make-up costumes, etc., will be used.
  11. 11

    Start casting for cast and crew for the movie. Look for actors. Try looking for actors in your neighborhood, your school, anywhere. Your actors could be your friends, your family members, your classmates. Hold auditions for your actors. Make sure when you audition your them, they are right for the character, they should have similar attitudes, they should pretend they are the character they are portraying. That way, you could have the right person for the job and won’t be able to mess their character during your production filming. For crew you are going to need as many people as possible, but at least the following:

    • Camera person
    • Director of photography
    • Sound recorder
    • Costume and makeup person.
    • Craft service
    • Someone who knows something about lighting
    • A PA.
  12. Create a script.

Getting the Equipment Together

  1. 1
    Ask around and see if any friends or family have some of the equipment below and see if you can borrow or rent it, otherwise you will be reaching deeper into you’re pocket for equipment costs. Also, it might be worth it to ask them to help out in you’re new project.
  2. 2

    Learn the following features of your camera:

    • Focus ring
    • White balance
    • Iris.
  3. 3
    Get yourself a copy of the Filmmaker’s Handbook by Steven Ascher and Edward Pincus. Read it. They explain everything you will need to know about making your new film.

Making the Short Film

  1. 1
    Rehearse the short film. Actors should practice their lines. If you want to avoid getting many takes in your film, make them practice the lines and action combined.
  2. 2
    Remember to provide food, a copy of the film, and, if your budget allows, expense money.
  3. 3

    Do not trust what you see in the view finder. It is not always accurate, so remember to look with your own eyes, and review the film you take after each shot.

    • Remember: Anyone can record an image, but that is not making a film.
  4. 4
    Complete the principal photography.
  5. 5
    Edit the film. You do not need to use an expensive program at all. With the right skills, a free program that came with the computer can make stunning films. Do not think you need to use the most expensive program out there!
  6. 6
    Show the film to friends and family and/or post it to YouTube. If you are serious about film-making, submit it to film festivals and send it to film agencies. Remember, the more publicity you get, the better short films you will be able to make in the future. And remember, everyone had to start somewhere!
  7. 7
    Remember the most important rule of film-making–––have a good time!

Community Q&A

  • I have a short film idea but don’t want to go through the process of making it. What should I do?
    Consider sending your idea it to a director or producer if you think it’s unique, interesting and likely to be of interest. Talk to friends first, to gauge their thoughts on its worth.
  • Is there a free tool available to edit movies?
    There is a lot of free editing software out there. Start on Windows Movie Maker or Mac’s iMovie to get the feel of editing. However, these tend to be very limited and will not give you good results. Hitfilm 3 Express is a great editing software with lots of options so you’ll be able to do what you want and it’s free!
  • Do I need any permission to make short film? I don’t have a license.
    As there is no set film making license, no license is needed. However, you do need written permission to use the locations you use, as well as from the people who will be in your film (even the ones in the background). You will also need to obtain permission to use any material that has a copyright.
  • What are the main needs for making a short film?
    For filming: A simple script; local and easily accessible locations; actors and basic camera and audio recording gear. For editing: Simple movie and audio editing software and royalty-free sound effects and music. Royalty free generally means copyright free, so you can freely upload your short film to social media sites without being slammed for copyright. Depending on the file sizes of footage, you may need reliable external storage device to free up your computer’s hard drive. It’s also suggested you read this article.
  • How do I write a script?
    Base the script on things you would say in real life during the time period the film is in. Figure out how many characters there are and write lines per scene. See further: How to Write an Effective Screenplay for a Short Film.
  • I am entering a film festival at school, but that means I will have to film it with a tablet, not a camera. Is that okay?
    Yes, that’s okay. You do not need a camera to film; you can use whatever you want tablet, iPhone, etc. The key is to know how to use the device to the best advantage possible, so read the instructions relevant to the device you’re using.
Unanswered Questions


  • Make sure that your actors agree with the script or their character.
  • Have fun with it!
  • Before your shoot make sure you have all your equipment with you. It is best to plan these things before production.
  • If you are filming in a public place, always, always make sure you have signed releases from all random faces that may appear in your movie.
  • Remember your overall vision as you record your footage. Don’t forget to record voice-overs (talking) and other sounds as part of you regular footage. You can always use the video or audio independently.
  • Make your production choices based on necessities. If you’re low budget, choose something that happens around you every day as your subject. Don’t forget that you can use pictures and still shots for video, too.
  • Make sure you don’t get any unwanted sound in it. It sounds bad and unprofessional.
  • Make sure the people you are working with are people you get along with to make your film-making experience super fun!
  • To make a film, you will need to be creative.
  • Write a short idea of what you want to accomplish. It can be anything from a paragraph to a full essay.


  • Be careful to check each setting on your recording device as you operate or you might miss the best shot. It’s a good idea to review your footage after each take.
  • Be aware that posting it to Youtube may hamper your success in ‘film festivals’ or ‘film funding competitions’, because if it’s online, then it won’t be accepted.
  • Always check your camera before shooting just in case you have forgotten to press record. This is to avoid losing precious footage!
  • There are laws against using videos of people and certain places without permission. Always ask the subject or the owner/operator of a building if it’s okay to record them and be sure to tell them what it’s for. For added protection, have them write it on paper when they give permission. You can find standard release forms online.

Things You’ll Need

  • Video camera and audio recorder
  • Memory cards (video takes up lots of space)
  • Eager actors and actresses
  • Editing software and computer
  • Permission from your subjects/actors/background players
  • An idea for your story
  • Pen or pencil
  • Make-up and costumes
  • Tripod/dolly
  • External microphone/shotgun mic

    • Boom pole
    • Wind screen
  • 3 professional-grade lights
  • Field monitor
  • Good lighting


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